Invisible Danger: I Caught Virus, and Virus Caught Me

Achoo! What if we told you that sneezing is good for your health? In reality, you should not feel embarrassed if a loud sneeze occurs in the middle of an important meeting. Sneezing forces the viruses out of your body and helps the immune system to protect you. But why is it necessary? What can viruses do to your organism if we let them overpower us?

What Make Viruses Special?

Let’s start talking about the nature of viruses from the very basics. The name ‘virus’ derived from the Latin word meaning ‘poison’ – it is the first sign that doesn’t promise anything good about viruses. They are harmful indeed, both to humans and animals, plants, and microorganisms, as viruses need any host cell to grow and multiply. Once they make their way into a living organism, viruses can cause various diseases: measles, rubella, chickenpox, herpes, hepatitis, etc. Even though several of these sicknesses already have been managed as a result of available vaccinations, many of them were fatal for a long time as microscopic technologies were less powerful and, at that time, did not allow thorough investigations of viruses. Technological development gave virology specialists a chance for a closer look at viruses, which were already known to be smaller than bacteria. There are five types of viruses known based on their structure: helical, icosahedral, prolate, enveloped, and complex viruses.

How Viruses Appeared on Earth?

We now know that viruses can be found wherever life is; however, microbiologists disagree when it comes to a single theory about the nature of viruses and how they appeared on Earth. There are three main hypotheses which attempt to explain this topic:

How Viruses Replicate and Spread?

Despite structural differences and contrasting theories about their nature, viruses spread the same way by invading living cells. Usually, cells increase their numbers by dividing in two; however, this does not apply to viruses. The virus starts its replication cycle by first approaching the cell and attaching itself to its membrane – this process may sound simple, but viruses are quite clever as they do not approach cells in which they would not be able to replicate. Later, the virus penetrates the membrane by traumatising it, enters the host cell, and starts releasing viral genomic nucleic acid. After this, the actual replication starts, and the genome begins to multiplicate – at this stage viral proteins may modify and differ from the original virus. Lastly, the host cell gets killed by viruses bursting the cell membrane, releasing themselves, and repeating the process over again.

Virus replication explains the process of virus multiplication inside one organism, but how viral disease manages to ‘jump’ from one person to another? There are several ways of explaining the spread of viruses:

How Dangerous Viruses are?

Throughout history, humanity faced many outbreaks of numerous viruses, and some of them changed the lives of millions, if not more. Each virus had different effects, most being very dangerous. Let’s take the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa – the virus jumped from animals to humans and reached a mortality rate of almost 90% of those infected. Spanish flu, which occurred at the end of the First World War, affected slightly less than half of the world’s population and killed around 50 million. However, not only the number of infected and dead people affects the level of virus’ danger – the invention of a vaccine in many cases is the only way to stop the spread of the virus and minimise the risks. As for rabies, the modern vaccine allows specialists to treat the infected person and save his/her life as a failure to receive the vaccine in time means imminent death.

New Threat – COVID-19

As for now, the world is suffering from never seen before crisis called Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 for short. The society first was introduced to Coronavirus at the end of last year when cases in Wuhan, People’s Republic of China, began to grow relentlessly. However, local lockdown failed to control the scale of the virus, and it quickly spread around the world. World Health Organization (WHO) reports that Coronavirus has already affected more than 41 million people worldwide, of which 1.1 million cases resulted in the death of a patient. The most common symptoms of this virus are fever, dry cough, and fatigue, whereas symptoms such as loss of taste or smell and muscle or joint pain effects are less common. Even though virologists all around the world claim that society needs to learn to live with COVID-19, only vaccines can prevent the increasing and consistent spread of the virus. Sadly, there is no approved vaccine yet, so billions of people have to rely on other precaution methods, such as wearing masks, practising social distancing, avoiding crowds, cleaning hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue.

How to Avoid Catching the Virus?

Besides already mentioned and successfully working self-protection techniques, we must not rule out the importance of the immune system in the fight against viruses. The immune system is our organism’s defence against all kinds of invisible threats; thus, strengthening the immunity should be everyone’s top priority. One of the most common ways to intensify one’s immune system is by consuming immunity-strengthening foods through a daily diet: lemons and other citruses are a source of vitamin C, which increases the immune system’s effectiveness and has antiviral abilities, fish such as salmon or trout are considered best sources of vitamin D, which helps maintain the balanced immune system. Various additives and store-bought supplements also contribute to the protection and health of our body; however, natural products are way safer to consume. We advise choosing CBD products , which not only may reduce levels of anxiety, relieve depression but also improve the immune system. Versatile CBD oil drops  are gaining their popularity in the fields of strengthening the organism and ensure overall well-being. Different CBD products may have exceptional strengths and abilities depending on the exact formula, but organic materials used in the production process and responsible practises unites them all.

Viruses, the same as bacteria, are dangerous and almost impossible to eliminate permanently. Societies throughout the world must commit to changing everyday habits, which gets practised for a greater good – safety and health of billions. As the journey to safe and long life begins with us and our immune systems, every piece of effort counts.


10 Tips to Get You Through Autumn Cold!

We all know the stories about autumn being the most beautiful time of the year. Vivid colours and breathtaking scents are indeed unique to this season, but we surely know autumn’s beauty can sometimes be very illusionary. If you fell into one of autumn’s tricks and got sick, let’s not waste any more time and start recovering now. We have prepared 10 tips – what to do and how it helps – to get you through the autumn cold quick and effortlessly!

Tip No. 1 – Warm liquids to soothe throat

You must have seen at least one movie where the main character is sick with a cold and is drinking a cup of hot broth to ease the bothersome symptoms of a cold. It’s a well know practice to sip warm liquids such as tea with lemon or ginger to relieve nasal congestion and soothe the aching throat. There is a long list of herbal teas to help you feel better, but as some natural remedies are not very tasty, you might want to add one teaspoon of money to your hot drink.

Tip No. 2 – Vitamin C to shorten the length of sickness

As we have previously talked about Vitamin C being irreplaceable when strengthening the immune system before the flu season, it also helps to shorten the length of a cold when already sick. Numerous researches have proven the benefits of Vitamin C to our organisms as the regular intake of such supplements can reduce cold’s severity and duration. Besides, Vitamin C can be obtained naturally through various food such as lemons, broccoli, peppers, or spinach, so you may choose to ask your friends to visit a local market instead of a pharmacy for you to strengthen your immune system while staying safe at home.

Tip No. 3 – CBD drops to boost immune system

Keeping up with modern trends, CBD drops is one of the newest and most innovative ways to fight cold. As it has anti-viral qualities, CBD oil is widely used to reduce cold symptoms, irritation, and inflammation. Even though CBD drops has not yet been approved as an official cold medicine, the regular usage of these drops can quickly deal with a runny nose and other flu symptoms. In the long run, CBD oil improves the way the immune system’s memory, thus speeding up the recovery process from various illnesses and putting you back up on your feet quicker.

Tip No. 4 – Warm clothing to boost immune response

Researches have shown that warmer body temperature strongly contributes to the recovering process as it helps fight the cold. It means that it is best to stay indoors when sick with cold as the outdoor temperature is most of the time lower. Besides, it is necessary to wear warm clothes when fighting a cold – fluffy sweaters, wool socks, and laying underneath several blankets helps maintain higher body temperature. As warm clothing is not always flattering, you should not care about being fashionable - being healthy and protecting others is everyone's priority!

Tip No. 5 – Hot bath to ease the symptoms

Frequent hot baths are necessary for your overall health and not only when you catch a cold or have a runny nose. As your body temperature increases, the already runny nose will become even runnier, and normal hydration levels will drop as affected by incused sweating. It is necessary to blow your nose regularly as open nasal canals will help you breathe easier and feel better. We advise you to have a hot bath straight before going to sleep as it also helps relax and maintain high-temperature levels throughout the whole night.

Tip No. 6 – Inhalations to clear up respiratory passages

Steam therapy is a powerful yet simple tool to relieve symptoms of flu or cold. As steam clouds are achieved when water boils, you should combine inhalations with hot bath procedures to save some time. Inhalations enriched with essential oils such as menthol or eucalyptus help loosen mucus in the respiratory system; thus, making it easier to get rid of them and the whole cold and runny nose kind of thing. The steam inhalations itself can't shorten your sickness but they can surely make you feel better.

Tip No. 7 – Humidifiers to add moisture to the air

We all hate catching a cold for one particular reason – it gets hard to breathe as we live with runny or stuffy noses. We can’t say exactly, which one is worse, but the reason for it lies in the air that we breathe. As cold air holds less moisture, our upper airways narrows, and nostrils dry out; on the other hand, moist can helps with coughing or sneezing and eases congestion, but too high levels can result in growing mould, which is another evil. Researches show that the best percentage of humidity is about forty percent.

Tip No. 8 – Balms to relieve cough

Various chest compresses can significantly improve your breathing when applied properly. We advise wearing compressed overnight as balms and oils work both ways – helps with chest (lungs) congestion, relieves nasal passages, and prevents runny nose in the morning after breathing those aromas in your sleep for the whole night. We also advise massaging little amounts of CBD oil or balm into chest skin to strengthen the lungs and the whole respiratory system each night after a hot bath and before the bed. As for some such use of CBD products lowers the intensity of chest pains caused by cough, one can’t argue otherwise if never tried itself.

Tip No. 9 – CBD before sleep to help you relax

One of the best reasons to use CBD products is their relaxational properties. Numerous people using CBD drops daily have said it successfully reduces anxiety and depression levels and also improves the quality of sleep! It also helps to sleep with your head a bit more elevated than the rest of your body as it prevents the runny nose from clogging up. As quality rest is the most important aspect to speed up your recovery, we advise changing sheets more frequently when having a cold and meditating to clear up your mind and fall asleep quicker.

Tip No. 10 – Over-the-counter medicine to fight it all

If tips one through nine have not impressed you, we still have one more trick left up to our sleeve – you can always choose to use an over-the-counter medicine to fight the cold and runny nose once and for all. Many local pharmacies allow you to consult by phone or buy medication online; therefore, the list of the people you had a contact with will be short. As it is necessary to speak with your family’s doctor or pharmacist before taking or buying any medicine, you have to follow their bits of advice as precisely as they are – excessive amounts of various pills might turn out to be fatal.

Runny nose or cold will always try to ruin your plans to enjoy every last bit of autumn sun, so we understand if you hate this season. On the other hand, autumn is not that bad if you know how to deal with its sicknesses quickly and effortlessly. As we wish you a cosy season, we also wish you a strong immune system and a good grasp of tools to create unforgettable and illnesses-free moments!


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