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September 7, 2020

Oncological Diseases: Knowing Your Enemy

No single medical diagnosis does not mean the end of the world. Of course, one may feel frustrated and lost once a doctor delivers the news about a serious disease: they get angry both at themselves and at the people around them, they quickly choose to blame themselves and others for untimely work and neglect. Our bodies do not thank us for further stressing and pouring rain of emotions as it only weakens both organism and spirit. Even though there is sometimes nothing that we may do to avoid diseases, we can always ease them. How to deal with one of the most anticipated diagnoses – oncological diseases?

What we know about oncological diseases?

Our bodies are a complex connection between trillions of cells every having different functionality. Once old cells die, new cells take their place. However, this ordinary process may be disturbed when cells start to grow abnormally and out of control. Such cells form tumours, which can be two types – malignant and benign. The latter type of tumours is not cancer as benign masses tend to grow slowly but do not spread. Malignant tumours, on the other hand, can grow incredibly quickly, and as they spread throughout the body, they destroy normal healthy tissue along the way.

Oncologists distinguish four main groups of oncological diseases:

  • carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. It usually comes in the form of solid tumour which starts in the skin or the tissue covering internal organs and glands. Carcinomas include lung, prostate, colon cancer, etc., but the most dangerous one is considered breast cancer – according to the World Health Organization, breast cancer killed around half a million of women in 2011;
  • sarcomas are less common but just as dangerous. It starts in connective tissue cells and includes cartilage, blood and lymph vessel, fat, muscle, tendon, and bone cells;
  • leukaemia is a blood cancer that keeps bone marrow from creating normal levels of red and white blood cells and platelets. Sadly, leukaemia is the most common type of cancer which affects children and teenagers; it is also one of the toughest to cure;
  • lymphoma cancer starts in lymphocytes, which are part of the immune system.

Besides these four types of cancer, there are many others – as they are less common, one should consider further researching them and consulting expert oncologists. However, the typology of oncological diseases does not end here: the severity of cancer diagnosis is determined by stages I to IV. Stage I means the cancerous tumour is small and has not yet grown into nearby tissues; stage IV means the cancer is advanced and has already spread into other parts of the body.

What we know about causes of cancer?

The diagnosis of the oncological disease can be like thunder from the clear sky. However, paying regular visits to doctors and signing up for preventive screenings help. Besides, they are compensated by government initiatives. The numbers of oncological diseases have reached never seen highs in recent years with the major cases being diagnosed in the last stages having little to no chance of saving a person’s life. As the largest part of losses could have been avoided by regular preventing screenings, a lot of countries have declared the prevention of oncological diseases a national health objective.

Expert oncologists advise everyone, no matter their age or sex, to have a discussion with family practitioners about the genetic side and prevention of oncological diseases if they seem to run in the family. As genes are inherited, the causes of cancer may lie within the family’s history. The fact itself that your mum, dad, or one of the grandparents have fought cancer does not mean that you will do too, but the risk of oncological diseases is much higher this way.

Doctors also link some types of cancer with certain factors, which may not directly cause disease but can increase the risk of receiving the bad news. Reducing the risk factors helps to avoid oncological diseases, but the first step to a healthy life is acknowledging the vulnerability of life itself. Smoking, alcohol, high-fat diet, or constant exposure to UV light are the things that cause lung, skin, liver, or colon cancer, etc. Adults, in this case, are more vulnerable when compared to children as these factors are most harmful after long periods of exposure.

Doctors and medical researches do not rule out the possibility of getting cancer after virus exposure. As cancer is not contagious, you will never get it from contacting another person. However, as HIV causes AIDS, it can also lead to cell changes, which may develop into oncological diseases. It is more common to get cancer after being exposed to certain environmental factors for long periods. Such conditions include working with chemicals, in construction, or doing similar jobs as defective personal protection equipment can lead to higher levels of dangerous exposure.

What we know about curing oncological diseases?

Any type of cancer is easiest to cure when diagnosed in the earliest stages. Even if one finds themselves fighting this disease, being diagnosed with stage 1 cancer is nothing to worry about as there are plenty of methods and experimental medicine to cure it. Some types of cancer may be removed surgically, but there is always the risk of cancerous cells to spread. There is also a way of finding donors, which is usually close family members, to donate their bone marrow to the patient of leukaemia with a change of curing it and prolonging a person’s life. Besides, chemotherapy is considered to be the most common way; chemotherapy uses several types of chemotherapeutic agents, which may be given with curative intent, or may prolong the life of patients together with reducing cancer symptoms.

Medical researches and oncologists agree that chemotherapy helps cancer patients survive, but such treatment also has a negative side. The most common side-effect of chemotherapy is hair loss; it is also the most visible one as other side-effects include gastrointestinal distress, anaemia, infertility, and sometimes can lead to significant organ damage. Other side-effects of chemotherapy also include extensive nausea and vomiting. As these issues are quite simple to cure for ordinary human with the help from a local drugstore, cancer patients are forced to use extremely powerful drugs which has their own side-effects.

Some cancer patients who experience very strong side-effects and constant pain choose to use products from nature to ease it including CBD. There is no reliable information or medical research of CBD oil curing oncological diseases, but many cancer patients use it for relieving pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, etc. As symptoms of both cancer and chemotherapy are pretty severe and exhausting, patients and their family members are looking for CBD oil drops or CBG  paste with the highest possible product concentration on the market as it has the highest potential.

The diagnose of oncological diseases does not mean the end of the world, so let’s just think of it as a tough chapter from your favourite video game, which everyone will eventually pass. The disease itself does not matter as long as you are surrounded by your loved ones caring and rooting for you every step of the way. It helps to know every inch of your body very well and spending enough time for quality self-care procedures, including preventive cancer screenings – it saves lives.

The information used to prepare this blog was acquired from reliable sources. Consult professional oncologists before making decisions and sign for preventive screenings today.


Article written by Kotryna

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